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Effects of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services in semi-natural, agricultural and urban landscapes and strategies for management of climate change 


Climatic conditions and land use have a significant impact on habitats, biodiversity and ecosystem services.

The transformation of semi-natural habitats into agricultural areas or settlement changes the species inventory, the provision of ecosystem services and the adaptation potential of ecosystems to changing climatic conditions.

At a local level, there is often a positive correlation between biodiversity and ecosystem functions.

However, studies on the following questions are still missing:

  1. How do climatic gradients and the landscape composition and configuration influence biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services?

  2. Which interactions between climatic conditions and land use exist?

  3. Does biodiversity at population, species community and landscape level improve resilience to climate change and extreme climatic events?

In order to answer these questions, the LandKlif Network investigates the biodiversity and multi-functionality of semi-natural, agricultural and urban landscapes in different climate zones of Bavaria.

The aim is not only to find answers to these questions, but also to identify options for mitigating climate change and adapting to changing climatic conditions. The three landscape types differ fundamentally in the degree of anthropogenic influence, biodiversity and ecosystem services they provide for society.

An important basis for the development of strategies to mitigate climate change and to adapt regionally to its impacts is a better understanding of the interactions between landscape shape, regional climate change and ecosystem responses.


This project is funded by the Bayerische Staatsministerium für Bildung und Kultus, Wissenschaft und Kunst.


Lars Uphus

Prof. Dr. Annette Menzel


05/2018 - 05/2023